The term is a compound of the Greek words astron (star) and logos (wisdom). Astrology is thus described as a system that perceives a deeper meaning in the movement of the celestial bodies which is related to humans and events on this planet. A connection is made between planetary movements and events in a particular location and their subsequent unfolding at particular times. The horoscope serves as the basis for these calculations, and because a horoscope is always calculated for a specific location, astrology works with the geocentric model.
Astrology began with the observation of certain planetary movements, meaning that it couldn’t really be viewed separately from astronomy. However, the interpretation of these movements meant that it went beyond the domain of astronomy. In modern times, astronomy has sought to distance itself from astrology.
In astrology, an almost forgotten understanding of time plays a central role. According to this way of thinking, time has both quantitative and qualitative aspects. If we observe the quality of time at the beginning of a process – and astrology does just that and erects a horoscope for that time – we can discern the innate qualities of that process which seek realisation.
Astrology can be divided into two basic branches – personal astrology and mundane astrology. Personal astrology – as the name implies – is concerned with the lives of individuals, whereas mundane astrology is concerned with certain areas, places and countries.
In both of these branches, the techniques of prognostic astrology and comparative astrology can be applied to the natal chart. In individual astrology, the natal chart is the birth chart of a person, whereas in mundane astrology, it could be for example a national horoscope or the “birth” of a significant national or international event.